In the earliest layer of Vedic texts Agni, Indra and other gods are also called Asuras, in the sense of their being "lords" of their respective domains, knowledge and abilities. Coburn, Thomas B. Kavi and kāvya in the Atharvaveda, p. 22. Asuras were left in the same number but they started to live as the tribes of this nation.  They are described in Buddhist texts as creatures who live in lower levels of mount Sumeru, obsessed with sensuous aspects of existence, living with jealousy and endlessly engaged in wars against the creatures who are Devas (gods). Alain Daniel says. Similarly, in the Atharva Veda, all sorts of medical remedies and charms are projected as Asuri manifested in plants and animals.  Virocana leaves with the first given answer, believing now he can use the knowledge as a weapon. I am the speaker here, not thou: speak thou where the assembly meets. Masculine names often end in a consonant sound. At the beginning of the universe, when there were not many creations and not much of anything to worry about, Lord Vishnu slept nonchalantly floating on the shoreless ocean. This is the first major dualism to emerge in the nature of everything in the Universe. Absolute Strength 1.2. Yves Bonnefoy and Wendy Doniger (1993), Asian Mythologies, University of Chicago Press.  This idea was thoroughly researched and reviewed by Peter von Bradke in 1885. Ásura: In Early Vedic Religion, p.120-133.  The sky world becomes that of Devas, the underworld becomes that of Asuras. annotated version in the Wikimedia Commons, "Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit: 'Sura, Encyclopedia of Ancient Deities by Charles Russell Coulter, Patricia Turner. 1 Bio 2 History 3 Skills 3.1 List Form 4 Builds Asuras are fierce, mythical beings that can have positive as well as negative qualities. J.Kuiper, Ancient Indian Cosmogony, Bombay 1983. The asuran home instance is … Experience for yourself this groundbreaking action game that is unlike anything you've ever seen before! , The asuras (anti-gods) were depicted to have become proud, vain, to have stopped performing sacrifices, to violate sacred laws, not visit holy places, not cleanse themselves from sin, to be envious of devas, torturous of living beings, creating confusion in everything and challenging the devas. The Asuras are a tribe of gods in the small-g sense, and powerful spirits. Nadi Shastra talks about the Ravana being an expert in Ayurvedic texts and a major stakeholder in medical conferences held in those days. Out of the many powerful Asuras that existed in Hindu Myth, there were a few cases that demonstrated abilities and power that made them leaders among the other Asuras. Vritra, a serpent or dragon Asura, and also the drought, a natural calamity personified, is … As some of the Puranas have it, he was born to Diti and Kashyap, Kashyap being an ancient sage recognized as the father of the Devas, Asuras, Nagas, and all of humanity. Somehow, Shiva managed to reach Vishnu to seek a solution to this predicament. History. This contrasting roles have led some scholars to deduce that there may have been wars in proto-Indo-European communities, and their gods and demons evolved to reflect their differences. Lord Shiva came to the rescue of his devotee but was put to sleep by Lord Krishna. Asuras gradually assimilated the demons, spirits, and ghosts worshipped by the enemies of Vedic people, and this created the myths of the malevolent asuras and the rakshasa.  A much-studied hymn of the Rigveda states Devav asura (Asuras who have become Devas), and contrasts it with Asura adevah (Asuras who are not Devas). These deities are typically portrayed as belligerent, looking for any excuse to get into a fight.  The sixteenth chapter of the Bhagavad Gita states that pure god-like saints are rare and pure demon-like evil are rare among human beings, and the bulk of humanity is multi-charactered with a few or many faults. His explanation (SA.i.260) of the name is interesting. Rama treated Indrajit’s dead body with honor and returned the body to Lanka for a respectful funeral. Also known as, Indrajit, born to the King of Lanka, Ravana and his wife Mondadori, was the conqueror of Indra Lok, the highest of the heavens, and according to some accounts is considered as the greatest warriors of all time. One day, Usha saw a young man in her dream and fell in love with him, he was Aniruddha, the grandson of Lord Krishna.  In the Bhāgavata Purana, saints and gods are born in families of Asuras, such as Mahabali and Prahlada, conveying the symbolism that motivations, beliefs and actions rather than one's birth and family circumstances define whether one is Deva-like or Asura-like. During Navratri, we awaken the energy aspect of Godhead in the personification of the universal mother Goddess Durga, which precisely betokens the remover of grief in life. The asuras battle constantly with the devas. In later Vedic and post-Vedic texts, the benevolent gods are called Devas, while malevolent Asuras compete against these Devas and are considered "enemy of the gods". Topics similar to or like List of Asuras. He was slain by Lord Vishnu when he attempted to block Vishnu’s path.  Asuri parallels Asura in being "powerful beings", and in early Vedic texts includes all goddesses. The Aesir-Asura correspondence is the relation between Vedic Sanskrit Asura and Old Norse Æsir and Proto-Uralic *asera, all of which mean 'lord, powerful spirit, god'. (1988). Daitya, a race of Asuras ॐ卐; Dānava, a race of Asuras.Known as Dānaveghasā in Buddhism ॐ A mighty Marathi warrior who possessed the almighty Bhramastra, a weapon created by the Brahman, the supreme of all, he played a prominent role in the great war between Rama and Ravana. In later verses of the Samhita layer of Vedic texts, Monier Williams states the Asuras are "evil spirits, demons and opponents of the gods". When treacherous Lord Vishnu devoid the Ashuras of the Amrita, the drink of Immortality, for which the Devas and Asuras had churned the mountain together, the episode is famously known as Samudra Manthan, RahuKetu, disguised himself as a deva and got to drink some nectar. Asura name generator - Guild Wars . , Asuras are part of Indian mythology along with Devas, Yakshas (nature spirits) and Rakshasas (ghosts, ogres). NavaDurga symbolizes nine forms adi-shakti Goddess Durga. But as time passed, Banasura became cruel and arrogant. Female Asura, known as Asuri, are especially famous for the charms they can work with plants. Deconstructing, “He for whose each drop of blood is a seed”, is what the word Raktabija translates to. Thou shalt be mine and only mine, and never mention other dames. Its plural form gradually predominated He locked up his daughter, Usha in a fortress called Agnigarh because many young suitors came to him asking for her hand. Penguin Books India. Wendy Doniger (2000), Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions, Merriam-Webster, Jonathan Edelmann (2013), Hindu Theology as Churning the Latent, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Volume 81, Issue 2, pages 427-466. Types. Furthermore, there is no direct opposition between the ahuras and the daevas: The fundamental opposition in Zoroastrianism is not between groups of deities but between asha (truth) and druj (falsehood). But as time passed by, he grew arrogant and demanded that all worship him and only him considering himself to be the greatest of the gods. The Buddhist asuras are derived from the asuras of Hinduism, but have acquired a few distinctive myths which are only found in Buddhist texts.. The good Asuras are called Adityas and are led by Varuna, while the malevolent ones are called Danavas and are led by Vritra. It was then two specks of dust fell from his ear into the sea and a pair of asuras emerged from them and began swimming. In fact the name Asuras was in fact coined during this epic battle popularly referred to as churning of the sea, Samudra manthan, when they were rejected the Sura or wine of immortality, came to be known as the Asuras and for the same reason are in constant battle against the Suras or the Devas. Asuras were left in the same number but they started to live as the tribes of this nation. An asura resembled a human with marble-pale skin and huge red wings, which were made of flame. According to some believers Ravana is considered to be the original author of Lal Kitab, a principle text of Hindu astrology and palmistry. Asura's Wrath is an interactive anime action title that tells the tale of violent demigod Asura on a quest for vengeance against the cabal of gods that betrayed him. Five times, he is said to possess asurya, and once he is said to possess asuratva. The peer of all the Gods art thou: therefore we call thee hitherward. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the ar… Vishnu, in the form of Mohini, appeared in front of Bhasmasura. We are Open for Fast Delivery in Every Location with Safe & Sanitized Shipping World-Wide. Conversely, the Sura preside over natural phenomena. Kuiper, Brown, Otto and others are in this school; however, none of them provide an explanation and how, when and why Asura came ultimately to mean demon. , Asuras (Tib: lha ma yin, Chi: Axiuluo, Jap: Ashura) are a type of supernatural being (anti-gods, demigods or non-god titans) in traditional Buddhist cosmology and a realm of rebirth based on one's karma in current or past lives. Their feet were armed with eagleclaws and they wore loose togas. Agni has total of 12 asura descriptions, Varuna has 10, Mitra has eight, and Rudra has six. The Asuras are not demons as they are too often called in my opinion, or most of them aren’t. Asuras connote the chaos-creating evil, in Indo-Iranian (collectively, Aryan) mythology about the battle between good and evil. Encyclopaedia of the Hindu World: Ar-Az, p.751. , Kuiper calls Asuras a special group of gods in one of major Vedic theories of creation of the universe. An Asura from the Puranic Scriptures of the Hindu dharma, as the king of Daityas, had obtained the boon from Brahma of being virtually indestructible. Though they can take different shapes they favour a seductive appearance, for example in the form of young dancers.  In the oldest verses of the Samhita layer of Vedic texts, the Asuras are any spiritual, divine beings including those with good or bad intentions, and constructive or destructive inclinations or nature. , Asura is used as an adjective meaning "powerful" or "mighty". His explanation (SA.i.260) of the name is interesting. Here, we have a list of 10 Most Interesting and Powerful Asuras in Hindu Epics. The allusions to the disastrous wars between the asuras and the suras, found in the Puranas and the epics, may be the conflict faced by people and migrants into ancient India. According to some verses, Lakshmana also severed Indrajit’s arm, which fell in front of his wife Sulochana, who made the arm come to life by the power of her devotion towards her husband and got to know about his heroic death on the battlefield when the arm wrote about the same. We are Open for Fast Delivery in Every Location with Safe & Sanitized Shipping World-Wide. Gaṇa is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga, used to constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Asuras, considered as nature spirits are in a constant battle with the Devas, sometimes called demigods and the latter in its literal sense translating to ‘heavenly, divine or anything of excellence’. The asuras battle constantly with the devas. As the tales have it, Raktabija had a boon that whenever a drop of his blood fell on the ground, another of him would be born at that spot. As the Rig Veda has it, Vritra kept the waters of the world captive until he was killed by Indra, who in turn destroyed all the 99 fortresses of Vritra before liberating the imprisoned rivers Vritra broke Indra’s two jaws during the battle, but was then thrown down by Indra and, in falling, crushed the fortresses that had already been shattered.  Asuri Kalpa is an abhichara (craft) which contains various rites derived from special knowledge and magic of Asuri. Asuras connote the chaos-creating evil, in I… Asuras, designated M7R-227 by the Tau'ri, was the homeworld of the Asurans. In Buddhaghosa's time, the bygone lustre of the word Asura (as equivalent to Ahura) seems to have faded. He appears as a dragon blocking the course of the rivers and is heroically slain by Indra. Pg.147, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asura&oldid=992303843, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 16:08. Proceedings (American Oriental Society) 1874-1893, p.xv. Most asuras consider their creation was inevitable, and asura ranas all claim to be the reincarnation of the first asura. They are known for performing wondrous miracles as well as waging nasty battles. It was Lord Vishnu, in his manifestation as Hayagriva, killed them, and retrieved the Vedas. The prime antagonist in the epic Ramayana, the demon King Ravana, though unknown to many, is known for his spiritual conquests and erudite knowledge. The asuras battle constantly with the devas. In Buddhaghosa's time, the bygone lustre of the word Asura (as equivalent to Ahura) seems to have faded. Unknown of their surrounding, where they were, who the giant being asleep in the sea was and how they came to be there, they meditated for many long days and months having in them a burning desire to discover those answers. Like the tribes of Central India, North Eastern India and South India. List of Asuras, a group of power-seeking deities in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, sometimes considered sinful and materialistic. Asuras (असुर) are a class of beings or power-seeking clans related to the more benevolent Devas (also known as Suras) in Hinduism..  Asuras are non-believers of god and believe in their own powers. With a will of iron and a fiery ambition to succeed, Ravana leads his people from victory to victory and carves out a vast empire from the Devas. A fierce warrior and a great administrator as the King of Lanka, he was an equally great musician. Share. Press Esc to cancel. Hiranyaksha, or the Golden-eyed when translated, was an oppressive Asura who attacked the heavens and thereafter kidnapped and even attempted to destroy goddess Earth. If thou art far away beyond the rivers, far away from men, But before the nectar could pass his throat, Lord Vishnu in the disguise of Mohini cut off his head with her divine discus, the Sudarshana Chakra.  Further, when they lose, miss or don't get what they want because they were distracted by their cravings, the "Asuras who remain Asuras" question, challenge and attack the ""Asuras who become Devas" to loot and get a share from what Devas have and they don't, in Hindu mythology. Motilal Banarsidass Publications. Hindu Tantric and Śākta Literature, p.114. Banasura too apologized to Lord Krishna and he was forgiven. Believing that a better world awaits them under Ravana, common men like Bhadra decide to follow the young leader. Asuras do not agree on which divine mistake spawned the first of their kind. Magoun, Herbert William (1889). , Alain Daniélou states that Asuras were initially good, virtuous and powerful in Indian mythology.  Asuras are described in Indian texts as powerful superhuman demigods with good or bad qualities. Common hypotheses include the abandonment of the First World, free will granted by Ihys to mortals, creation of life, or the first death caused by a deity.  Each Asura and Deva emerges from the same father (Prajapati), share the same residence (Loka), eat together the same food and drinks (Soma), and have innate potential, knowledge and special powers in Hindu mythology; the only thing that distinguishes "Asura who become Deva" from "Asura who remain Asura" is intent, action and choices they make in their mythic lives. Mahishasura - Prince of the Asura who was granted invincibility by Brahma himself and became powerful enough to drive all the gods (devas) out of Heaven and defeat their king, Lord Indra, single-handedly. Some of the villains from Hindu Puranas were exceptionally intelligent and some of them were outrageously stupid, nevertheless, these fascinating facts about them are interesting to know. Jeaneane D Fowler (2012), The Bhagavad Gita, Sussex Academic Press. Only the weakest asuras lack this ability. In the Brahmanda Purana, it is stated the term 'Asura' was used for the Daityas due to their rejection of Varuni (Goddess of Wine) after she emerged from the Ocean of Milk (i.e. Asura do not have a last name, instead opting to use job titles, a krewe name, or honorifics to differentiate themselves. Thereafter, Lord Krishna started severing the arms of Banasura and cut off all except for two. Asura do not have a last name, instead opting to use job titles, a krewe name… The term applies to three deities--(Ahura Mazda, Mithra, and Apam Napat). , In the earliest Vedic literature, all supernatural beings are called Devas and Asuras. Asura, (Sanskrit: “divine”) in Hindu mythology, class of beings defined by their opposition to the devas or suras (gods). Her parents learn of her desire, discourage her, but she pursues what she wants and did Tap for about 5000 years. Army Manipulation 1.3.  Similar dichotomies are present in the Puranas literature of Hinduism, where god Indra (a Deva) and the antigod Virocana (an Asura) question a sage for insights into the knowledge of the self. 1 In Hinduism 2 In an Indo-Iranian context 3 In Buddhism 4 See also 5 References 6 External links In Hinduism, the Asura (Sanskrit: असुर) constitute a group of power-seeking deities, sometimes considered sinful and materialistic. Indrajit was the eldest son of Ravana and his wife Mandodari. Selecting an asura character will start players off in the tutorial Explosive Intellect where players stop the golemthreat.  In the Upanishads, for example, Devas and Asuras go to Prajāpati to understand what is Self (Atman, soul) and how to realize it. Concept Publishing Company. Among the devas are the Ushas, whose name means "dawn", and Indra, the leader of the Devas. Hiranyakashipu was subsequently slain by Narasimha Avatara of Lord Vishnu. – Translated by Stephanie W. Jamison, Joel P. Brereton}}, In the Jaiminya (3.35.3), one of three recensions of the SamaVeda, the term 'Asura' is stated to be derived from 'rests' (√ram) in the vital airs (asu), i.e. Masculine names often end in a consonant sound. The bodies of Madhu and Kaitabha disintegrated into 2 times 6 — which is twelve pieces (two heads, two torsos, four arms, and four legs). Asuras (Sanskrit: असुर) are a class of beings or power-seeking clans related to the more benevolent Devas (also known as Suras) in Hinduism. Kali devoured his duplicates into her gaping mouth. Some include: 1. Both male and female Asuras often have two of the same letter in a row somewhere in their name, this being a cultural norm, but it is certainly not required. Kuiper. Topics similar to or like List of Asuras. Driving off Raksasas and Yatudhanas, [he] the god is present, praised in hymns at evening. Shiva fled, and was chased by Bhasmasura. , Agni, Vedic god associated with fire, is 12 times glorified as 'asura' in Rigveda (image from around 1830), Varuna, Vedic god associated with water, is 10 times glorified as 'asura' in Rigveda (image from between 1675 and 1700), Rudra, Vedic god (related to Shiva), is 6 times glorified as 'asura' in Rigveda (image from the 19th century), Indra, Vedic god, leader of the Devas on heavenly planets, in nine Vedic hymns is glorified as 'asura' (image from around 1820), According to the Vishnu Purana, during the Samudra manthan or "churning of the ocean", the daityas came to be known as asuras because they rejected Varuni, the goddess of sura "wine", while the devas accepted her and came to be known as suras. While dancing, Mohini, struck a pose where her hand was placed on top of her own head.  Hale, in his review, states that Kuiper theory on Asura is plausible but weak because the Vedas never call Vrtra (the central character) an Asura as the texts describe many other powerful beings. Among the asuras are Varuna, the guardian of Rta, and Aryaman, the patron of marriages. So, basically I am an Asura. Stella Kramrisch and Raymond Burnier (1986), The Hindu Temple, Volume 1, Motilal Banarsidass. In nine hymns, Indra is described as asura. Like the tribes of Central India, North Eastern India and South India. Asuri are demonic creatures who usually hide their true face and appear in the form of beautiful women. Chant 108 names of Lord Ganesha that signify his every divine quality. Aniruddha was then married to Usha. Each Asura and Deva emerges from the same father – Prajapati, share the same residence – Loka, eat together the same food and drinks – Soma, and have innate potential, knowledge and special powers in Hindu epics; the only thing that distinguishes Asura from Devas is intent, action, and choices they make in their lives. This player has not only been an immense help with testing and reporting issues and feedback. Ultimately, Raktabija was annihilated. Topic. The most widely studied scholarly views on Asura concept are those of FBJ Kuiper, W Norman Brown, Haug, von Bradke, Otto, Benveniste, Konow, Rajwade, Dandekar, Darmesteter, Bhandarkar and Raja, Banerji-Sastri, Padmanabhayya, Skoeld, SC Roy, kumaraswamy, Shamasastry, Przyluski, Schroeder, Burrows, Hillebrandt, Taraporewala, Lommel, Fausboll, Segerstedt, Thieme, Gerschevitch, Boyce, Macdonnell, Hermann Oldenberg, Geldner, Venkatesvaran, and Jan Gonda.  However, in other legends, the Asuras accept Varuni (see Kurma).  Some of these tales are the basis behind major Hindu Epics and annual festivals, such as the story of Asura Ravana and Deva Rama in the Ramayana and the legend of Asura Hiranyakashipu and Deva Vishnu as Narasimha, the latter celebrated with the Hindu spring festival of Holika and Holi. Shiva granted this request, but Bhasmasura thereupon attempted to touch the head of Shiva with his hand because he saw Parvati and wanted to possess her, which would only be possible when he turned Shiva into ashes. An ardent devotee of Shiva used his thousand arms to play the Mridanga when Shiva was performing the Tandava dance. 1.  In later verses of the Samhita layer of Vedic texts, Monier Williams states the Asuras are "evil spirits, demons and opponents of the gods". She banished leprosy, and gave one general colour to the skin. These are considered to represent the twelve seismic plates of the Earth.  Finnish Indologist, Asko Parpola, traces another possible etymological root of Asura to *asera- of Uralic languages, where it means "lord, prince". , Asuri is the feminine of an adjective from asura and in later texts means belonging to or having to do with demons and spirits. Volume 3 of Encyclopaedia of the Hindu World. Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide, p.46. Goudriaan, Teun & Gupta, Sanjukta (1981). In the Rigveda, two generous kings, as well as some priests, have been described as asuras. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. In Shiva Purana, they evolved into anti-gods and had to be destroyed because they threatened the gods. In the oldest verses of the Samhita layer of Vedic texts, the Asuras are any spiritual, divine beings including those with good or bad intentions, and constructive or destructive inclinations or nature. Divine Slayer 1.… F.B. A hymn invokes this special power in Asuri, and this hymn is stipulated for a woman as a charm to win over the lover she wants.. Alain Daniélou states that Asuras were initially good, virtuous and powerful in Indian mythology. I dig this Healing Herb that makes my lover look on me and weep, It is where the Asuras derive their name from, the enemy of Gods, or the Demons. George Williams (2008), A Handbook of Hindu Mythology, Oxford University Press. अपसेधन्रक्षसो यातुधानानस्थाद्देवः प्रतिदोषं गृणानः ॥१०॥ This Herb wherewith the Asuri drew Indra downward from the Gods, Shende, N.J. (1967). Edelmann suggests that the Deva-Asura dichotomies in Hindu mythology may be seen as "narrative depictions of tendencies within our selves". The asuraswere … It was about 5000 lightyears from Lantea.  The hostility between the two is the source of extensive legends, tales and literature in Hinduism; however, many texts discuss their hostility in neutral terms and without explicit moral connotations or condemnation. However, their nature gradually changed and they came to represent evil, vice and abuse of power. Topic. , Many scholars describe Asuras to be "lords" with different specialized knowledge, magical powers and special abilities, which only later choose to deploy these for good, constructive reasons or for evil, destructive reasons. The god Indra is the embodiment of good and represents the Devas, while the dragon Vrtra is the embodiment of evil and an Asura. According to different versions of her myths, maiden Parvati resolves to marry Shiva. Doris Srinivasan (1997), Many Heads, Arms and Eyes: Origin, Meaning, and Form of Multiplicity in Indian Art, Brill Academic, Jonathan Edelmann (2013), Hindu Theology as Churning the Latent, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Volume 81, Issue 2, pages 439-441, Jonathan Edelmann (2013), Hindu Theology as Churning the Latent, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Volume 81, Issue 2, pages 440-442, American Oriental Society (1852). Asura do not have a last name, instead opting to use job titles, a krewe name, or honorifics to differentiate themselves. Vritra, a serpent or dragon Asura, and also the drought, a natural calamity personified, is considered the greatest adversary Indra, the King of the highest heaven, had to face. First, before all, the strong-winged Bird was born, thou wast the gall thereof. Over-the-top action and daring cutscenes blend together for a brand new type of action game! Varuna is the god of the ocean, which in olden times was thought to be flowing under the earth. Aniruddha was abducted from his palace and presented to Usha. Asuras (असुर) are a class of beings or power-seeking clans related to the more benevolent Devas (also known as Suras) in Hinduism.. Asko Parpola (2015), The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and the Indus Civilization, Oxford University Press. In this, the feminine form, asuryaa, is included twice. That bids the parting friend return and kindly greets him as he comes. A powerful Asura as mentioned in the scriptures of the Hindu dharma, he fought alongside Shumbha and Nishumbha, the two Ausra brothers who sought to conquers the all three worlds, against Goddess Durga and Goddess Kali. Vritra. Conquered in fight, the Asuri took then the shape and form of plants.  According to Jeaneane Fowler, the Gita states that desires, aversions, greed, needs, emotions in various forms "are facets of ordinary lives", and it is only when they turn to lust, hate, cravings, arrogance, conceit, anger, harshness, hypocrisy, cruelty and such negativity- and destruction-inclined that natural human inclinations metamorphose into something demonic (Asura).. The Āsurī-Kalpa: a witchcraft practice of the Atharva-Veda. Veerabhadra Temple of Lepakshi and Mysterious Hanging Pillar, Samudra Manthan - Everything you need to know, Indrajit – Warrior Prince of Lanka Who Defeated Lord Indra, Satyabhama – Warrior Wife of Sri Krishna, Slayer of Narakasura, Lord Kubera – Hindu God of Wealth and Prosperity, Aditya Hridayam Stotram – Hymn dedicated to Lord Surya, Shurpanakha – One Who Instigated Ravana to Abduct Sita, 10 Interesting Facts about Balarama – The God of Agriculture, The Symptoms of Kaliyuga – Ancient Hindu Predictions, Samudra Manthan – Everything you need to know, Battle between Brahma and Vishnu – Shiva Purana.
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