Pulses are rich in proteins. Floral Formula and Important Families of Flowering Plants, Class 11 Biology NCERT Solutions. In plants of the family Asteraceae, what appears to be a single flower is actually a cluster of much smaller flowers. Sometimes bilabiate; (filament free anther united); formitig a tube which encloses style. The calyx is represented by pappus. Flowers of Asteraceae are actinomorphic i.e. Each such head is ordinarily subtended by an involucre of small modified leaves (bracts). Characters of Arecaceae: Mainly trees with stout unbranched stem ending in crown of leaves; leaves large, compound, alternate, young leaves are plicate, exstipulate with long petioles; inflorescence enclosed in a persistent […] Asteraceae is an economically important family, providing products such as cooking oils, leaf vegetables like lettuce, sunflower seeds, artichokes, sweetening agents, coffee substitutes and herbal teas. These are mostly herbaceous but can also be brightly coloured (e.g. , Some members of Asteraceae are economically important as weeds. The four subfamilies Asteroideae, Cichorioideae, Carduoideae and Mutisioideae contain 99% of the species diversity of the whole family (approximately 70%, 14%, 11% and 3% respectively). The calyx of the florets may be absent, but when present is always modified into a pappus of two or more teeth, scales or bristles and this is often involved in the dispersion of the seeds. Some examples are Chrysanthemum, Gerbera, Calendula, Dendranthema, Argyranthemum, Dahlia, Tagetes, Zinnia, and many others. They commonly have basal and/or apical appendages.  Pollen from ragweed Ambrosia is among the main causes of so-called hay fever in the United States. Thanks…It gives to the point information. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. The “floral formula” is a shorthand method of setting forth the details of flower structure. Mutisioideae: 58 genera, 750 species. These pulses are used as food.  Sometimes ray flowers may be slightly off from radial symmetry, or weakly bilaterally symmetric, as in the case of desert pincushions Chaenactis fremontii. Distribution of Arecaceae 3. & J. Presl, nom. Echinacea is used as a medicinal tea. DEFINITIONS AND KEY POINTS FOR OBJECTIVES OF STRUCTURE OF PLANTS PARTS, DEFINITIONS AND KEY POINTS FOR OBJECTIVES OF PLANT DIVERSITY. The Cichorioideae has only ray florets, with a 5+0 scheme – all five petals form the ligule. The alternative name Compositae is still valid under the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. , Several members of the family are copious nectar producers and are useful for evaluating pollinator populations during their bloom. Several genera are of horticultural importance, including pot marigold (Calendula officinalis), Echinacea (coneflowers), various daisies, fleabane, chrysanthemums, dahlias, zinnias, and heleniums. Anemochory (wind dispersal) is common, assisted by a hairy pappus. The common species of pulses are Grain, Pea, and Kidney bean. Members of the Asteraceae generally produce taproots, but sometimes they possess fibrous root systems. Asteraceae (Compositae) Floral formula , characters & importance in Sunflower Family. 7. Floral formula and floral diagram. , The genera Chrysanthemum, Pulicaria, Tagetes, and Tanacetum contain species with useful insecticidal properties. These form more than ten per cent of the total number of species of flowering plants. Calendula (known as pot marigold) is grown commercially for herbal teas and potpourri. Judd, W.S., Campbell, C.S., Kellogg, E.A., Stevens, P.F.  The corolla of the ray flower may have 2 tiny teeth opposite the 3-lobed strap, or tongue, indicating evolution by fusion from an originally 5-part corolla. Structurally, the pseudanthium is synchronized to work as an effective reproductive unit (Weberling, 1989). Usher, G. (1966) A dictionary of botany, including terms used in bio-chemistry, soil science, and statistics. Sessile; ebracteate: aetinomorphic or zygomorphic: pentamerous Regular or irregular; complete or incomplete; unisexual Or hermaphrodite; epigynous; developed; generally represented by ring of 5 small teeth. It is one of the largest families of flowering plants. A floral formula is a written shorthand used to represent the structure of a flower using the standard set of symbols shown at the right. Asteraceae - Asteraceae - Flowers: The most obvious and outstanding general feature of Asteraceae is that the flowers are grouped characteristically into compact inflorescences (heads) that superficially resemble individual flowers. The Asteraceae capitulum … *=Multiple images on detail page Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. Arctium) has hooks, spines or some structure to attach to the fur or plumage (or even clothes, as in the photo) of an animal just to fall off later far from its mother plant. The use of floral formulas helps us see features … Notable in the United States are Senecio jacobaea (ragwort), Senecio vulgaris (groundsel), and Taraxacum (dandelion). The phyllaries can be free or fused, and arranged in one to many rows, overlapping like the tiles of a roof (imbricate) or not (this variation is important in identification of tribes and genera). General floral formula: * or ↓ K0 [C (5) A5 (connate)] G (2) inferior Hermaphrodite Asteraceae are protandrous, i.e., it first mature the male flower organs. Stems are herbaceous aerial branched cylindrical with glandular hairs generally erect but can be prostrate to ascending. Dandelion was introduced into North America by European settlers who used the young leaves as a salad green.. Congrats, not enough . The study of this family is known as synantherology. The Asteraceae flower heads can be homogamous or heterogamous. Worldwide. Mostly in Venezuela and Guyana. Worldwide. Many members of this family are cultivated as ornamental plants. Corymbioideae: Only the genus Corymbium, with 9 species. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Although there are two fused carpels, there is only one locule, and only one seed per fruit is formed. The Asteraceae (asters, daisy or sunflower family) or Compositae (composites) are a very large and diverse group of flowering plants (angiosperms) with some 1620 genera and over 23 000 species.  In terms of numbers of species, the Asteraceae are rivaled only by the Orchidaceae. The leaves and the stems very often contain secretory canals with resin or latex (particularly common among the Cichorioideae). , The individual flowers in a head have 5 fused petals (rarely 4), but instead of sepals, have threadlike, hairy, or bristly structures called pappus, which surround the fruit and can stick to animal fur or be lifted by wind, aiding in seed dispersal. The flowers in the receptacles are florets. (2.5-5.1 cm) long with narrow, spine-tipped bracts. Characters of Arecaceae 2. Asteraceae is important … The pistil consists of two connate carpels. They may be simple, but are often deeply lobed or otherwise incised, often conduplicate or revolute. The filaments are fused to the corolla, while the anthers are generally connate (syngenesious anthers), thus forming a sort of tube around the style (theca). As a result, several of these genera have required multiple revisions.. It has more than 1000 genera and 93000 species. Each floret may be subtended by a bract, called a "palea" or "receptacular bract". Asteraceae or Compositae (commonly referred to as the aster, daisy, composite, or sunflower family), is a very large and widespread family of flowering plants (Angiospermae).. Auld BA, Meld RW (1992) 'Weeds an illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia.' The petal lips may be either very short, or long, in which case they form deeply lobed petals. Corolla: Gamopetalous; tubular with 5-5 lobed or ligulate with 3-4 teeth. 8. Cypsela morphology is often used to help determine plant relationships at the genus and species level. The florets have five petals fused at the base to form a corolla tube and they may be either actinomorphic or zygomorphic.  The word "aster" means "star" in Greek, referring to the appearance of some family members, as a "star" surrounded by "rays". *ASTERACEAE Flower: Incomplete, Perfect or Imperfect). Your email address will not be published. Winter tarragon (Tagetes lucida), is commonly grown and used as a tarragon substitute in climates where tarragon will not survive. and many other species are cultivated for extraction of oil. FAMILY 9: Cucurbitaceae – Gourd Family characters, Floral formula & species, FAMILY 10: Solanaceae (Potato Family) – Characters , Floral formula & importance, Chenopodiaceae Vegetables – characters , importance & pattern, Ranunculaceae family floral formula , characters & importance, Answer of Question of Reproduction & Development, DEFINITIONS AND KEY POINTS FOR OBJECTIVES. 29–32, Pam MacKay, Mojave Desert Wildflowers, illustration p. 35. Chrysanthemum, Zinnia etc.  Centaurea (knapweed), Helianthus annuus (domestic sunflower), and some species of Solidago (goldenrod) are major "honey plants" for beekeepers. Latin America and southern United States. When viewed from a distance, each capitulum may appear to be a single flower. It is the largest family of Angiosperms. There are usually five stamens. Bisexual i.e. The latter has been shown to be extensively paraphyletic, and has now been divided into 12 subfamilies, but the former still stands. Affinities 5. Flowers develop, at the apex of the plant, from June to September. head is surrounded by one or more rings of bracts – the involucre with involucral bracts (Xiangying Wen) Image/JPEG: Asteraceae sp. Chilli belongs to family Asteraceae. Floral formula: Distribution of Asteraceae: The family is commonly known as Sunflower family. Carpel: Bicarpellary; syncarpous; stigma bind ovary inferior; placentation basal. i want details about sonchus. Gochnatioideae: 4 or 5 genera, 90 species. A frequent arrangement of the Asteraceae capitulum consists of peripherally located ray flowers which are highly specialized in pollinator attraction, and disc flowers which assume the repr… Very efficient. 6. 12. , Asteraceae are also used for some industrial purposes.  When a sunflower family flower head has only disc flowers that are sterile, male, or have both male and female parts, it is a discoid head. It is the largest family of Angiosperms. Stamens: 5 stamens rarely 4; epipetalous; syngenesious (filament free anther united); formitig a tube which encloses style. They may be present in the form of small scales or hairs or bristles. Achene” is a fruit of similar texture but derived from a single superior carpel (as … asteraceae family in hindi//sun flower family//floral diagrame//floral formula The phylogenetic tree presented below is based on Panero & Funk (2002) updated in 2014, and now also includes the monotypic Famatinanthoideae. However, determining genera and species of some groups such as Hieracium is notoriously difficult (see "damned yellow composite" for example). The family has a cosmopolitan distribution, with species ranging from subpolar to tropical regions, colonizing a wide variety of habitats. ... Asteraceae Solanaceae Caesalpiniaceae.  The overall appearance of the cluster, as a single flower, functions in attracting pollinators in the same way as the structure of an individual flower in some other plant families.  Which is the larger family is unclear, because of the uncertainty about how many extant species each family includes. Asteraceae (Compositae) The Asteraceae are herbs, shrubs, or less commonly trees and are arguably the largest family of flowering plants, comprising about 1,100 genera and 20,000 species that are characterized by having the flowers reduced and organized into an involucrate pseudanthium in the form of a head or capitulum. Seed: non-endospermic seed. The style has two lobes. They may simulate the sepals of the pseudanthium. It has more than 1000 genera and 93000 species. Technically, the specialized term cypsela for the peculiar fruit of the Asteraceae, derived from a 2-carpellate, inferior ovary is correct. There will be total 10 MCQ in this test.  VIII, Flowering Plants, Eudicots, Asterales (J. W. Kadereit and C. Jeffrey, eds.). Barnadesioideae: 9 genera, 93 species. Fruit Fruits have several bristles on the tip and are up to 0.2 in. They are generally easy to distinguish from other plants, mainly because of their characteristic inflorescence and other shared characteristics.  The flowers mature first at the outside, moving toward the center, with the youngest in the middle. ROSACEAE; Rose family – General characters , floral formula , floral diagram , economic importance and common species Syed Muhmmad Muzammil Gilani January 31, 2019 Angiosperm families , Botany , Rosaceae , Rose family Absent from Europe, mostly in South America. The name Asteraceae (English: /ˌæstəˈreɪsi, -siˌaɪ, -siˌeɪ, -siˌiː/) comes to international scientific vocabulary from New Latin, from Aster, the type genus, + -aceae, a standardized suffix for plant family names in modern taxonomy. Many members of the family are grown as ornamental plants for their flowers, and some are important ornamental crops for the cut flower industry. In some species, however, the pappus falls off (for example in Helianthus). Asteraceae vegetative feature inflorscn. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. These are sunflower. has taken the role of a single flower (like euphorbiaceae).