Buddleja L. – butterflybush. Butterfly bush Scientific name: Buddleia lindleyana Family:Loganiaceae Plant parts used Leaves (Prakash; Rao, 1997: p. 109-110) Mode of action Insecticidal (Prakash; Rao, 1997: p. …  It was Leeuwenberg's taxonomy which was adopted in the Flora of China published in 1996. Butterfly Bushes are some of the most loved garden plants in modern gardens, and not just by gardeners, but by hummingbirds, bees and, of course, butterflies. Scientific Name: Buddleja davidii. It is smaller with a less attractive habit and is best pruned to the ground each spring. Together the branches form a rounded bush 2 to 6 feet high. The cluster flowers come in a wide variety of colors. It's easy to grow and produces striking flower spikes. B. davidii is named after the French missionary and explorer in China, Father Armand David, who was the first European to report the shrub. Within the United States, it is widely established as an escape from cultivation, and classified as a noxious weed by the states of Oregon and Washington. Six feet tall and just as wide is pretty common. (25 to 30-cm) panicles of colorful blossoms, a favorite of Monarch butterflies.Incredible flower coverage on its dense clump of leaves. The butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is a beautiful, fast-growing, deciduous shrub with masses of blossoms—long, spiked trusses—that bloom from summer to autumn. Papillon is the French term for butterfly. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Buddleja . The branches are quadrangular in section, the younger shoots covered in a dense indumentum. It is widely used as an ornamental plant, and many named varieties are in cultivation. Preferred Scientific Name. It was found near Ichang by Dr Augustine Henry about 1887 and sent to St Petersburg. Buddleja davidii Franchet, 1887; Preferred Common Name. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Buddleja_davidii&oldid=992437057, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Van Laere K (2008) Interspecific hybridisation in woody ornamentals. It was found near Ichang by Dr Augustine Henryabout 18… Hardiness Zone: 5a - 10b. The butterfly bush is a perennial, woody shrub with purple flowers. The pale brown bark becomes deeply fissured with age. Loganiaceae, in Wu, Z. Genus. The large fritillaries, or silverspots, belong to the genus Speyeria and usually have silver markings on the undersides of the wings. The almost honey-mead like fragrant, nectar rich flowers of the Butterfly Bush or Buddleia are produced from spring or early summer, flowering starts later the colder the climate, until the first frosts of autumn. Growers mostly in Britain selected plants that we today would call traditional varieties. It also is common along riverbanks and river gravel bars where it out-competes native plants and alters soil nutrients. The following davidii cultivars held the RHS Award of Garden Merit in 2012:-. These bushes get beautiful purple blooms, and have dark gray-green leaves which are large. Escaped, invasive populations of butterfly bush are pervasive in western Washington, including Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, King, Lewis, Skagit, Snohomish, Thurston, and Whatcom counties. The foliage is deciduous and fairly ordinary looking, but when in bloom the flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Thanks to the magic of cultivar developers, the flowers now come in a number of … Thesis, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Li, P. T. & Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. (1996). , B. davidii was accorded the RHS Award of Merit (AM) in 1898, and the Award of Garden Merit (AGM) in 1941. (25 to 30-cm) panicles of colorful blossoms, a favorite of Monarch butterflies. However, the plant does not provide food for butterfly larvae, and buddlejas might out-compete the host plants that caterpillars require.. B. davidii is named after the French missionary and explorer in China, Father Armand David, who was the first European to report the shrub.  It is widely used as an ornamental plant, and many named varieties are in cultivation. butterfly bush; Other Scientific Names. Loganiaceae, in Wu, Z. Its flowers come in many colors, though butterflies seem to prefer the lavender-pink (mauve) of the species to … A blooming, green garden in a veranda is not only refreshing, but gives a pleasant look to your house. This species originally from Asia readily takes over space where native North American plants would normally thrive. Subordinate Taxa. Butterfly Bush Uses.  Flowers are perfect (having both male and female parts), hence are hermaphrodite rather than monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant) as is often incorrectly stated. Flowers cluster together in groups that may be 4-10 inches long. The butterfly bush is listed as a Class B Noxious Weeds in Washington, meaning it is designated for control in certain state regions. Many cultivars are of a dwarf habit, growing to no more than 1.5 m (5 feet). English: orange-eye butterfly bush; summer lilac; French: buddleia de David; Local Common Names Buddleja albiflora Hemsl. Buddleja alata Rehder & E.H.Wilson. The opposite lanceolate leaves are 7–13 cm (3–5 inches) long, tomentose beneath when young. Fountain butterfly bush r elated species: The butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is better known and more highly scented than the fountain butterfly bush. They have small, fragrant flowers that are white to deep purple, with an orange-yellow inside. Once established, it is difficult to remove because it re-sprouts very easily. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Another botanist-missionary in China, Jean-André Soulié, sent seed to the French nursery Vilmorin, and B. davidii entered commerce in the 1890s. Spread: 3–6 ft. Problem is that these plants can get to be pretty huge. The work of botanist Carl Linnaeus led to the scientific naming system used to identify plants and animals. If you are planning to have Butterfly Bush in your garden, we provide you with all Butterfly Bush uses and Butterfly Bush Facts.If you are a passionate gardener, you should not only know how to take care of your plants but should also know their uses. Buddlejaceae – Butterfly-bush family. It’s unanimous among butterfly gardening authors, Midwestern gardeners, and the butterflies who vote with their tongues: Orange Eye Butterflybush (Buddleja davidii), also commonly known simply as butterfly bush, is the preferred late summer nectar source, a perfectly named butterfly magnet.  It is naturalized in Australia and in most cities of central and southern Europe, where it can spread on open lands and in gardens. They can supplant other plants as nectar sources and thus reduces their pollination. It has average water needs and requires good drainage as its roots are sensitive to rot. It also is common along riverbanks and river gravel bars where it out-competes native plants and alters soil nutrients. The removal of spent flower panicles may be undertaken to reduce the nuisance of self-seeding and encourage further flower production; this extends the flowering season which is otherwise limited to about six weeks, although the flowers of the second and third flushes are invariably smaller. In fact, Buddleja davidii (the scientific name for butterfly bush) has certain traits that make it invasive in most environments. & Raven, P. (eds), This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 07:35. Its name notwithstanding, the bush likely negatively affects native butterfly populations. Butterfly bushes are shrubs that have pointed clusters of small flowers at the ends of their many branches. In fact, the caterpillars often occur in such large numbers on their food plants that they completely strip them of edible leaves. It was introduced into America shortly after that time. Buddleja davidii (spelling variant Buddleia davidii), also called summer lilac, butterfly-bush, or orange eye, is a species of flowering plant in the family Scrophulariaceae, native to Sichuan and Hubei provinces in central China, and also Japan. Scientific Name: Buddleia davidii. The cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus), is one of our most common and attractive Florida butterflies and is particularly prominent during its fall southward migration. Buddleja americana L. Buddleja anchoensis Kuntze. Outward-facing flower panicles open light lavender-purple and deepen to blue-purple with age, over minty green leaves. Throughout the country, the general requirements for butterfly gardening are the same: full sun, nectar source plants, larval host plants, a pesticide-free environment and knowledge of the local butterfly fauna. Yes. Buddleja araucana Phil. Buddlejaceae – Butterfly-bush family Genus: Buddleja L. – butterflybush Species: Buddleja davidii Franch. Common Name: Peacock Butterfly Bush Botanical Name: Buddleia davidii Height: 4–6 ft. The caterpillars of the Caper White Butterfly eat only plants belonging to the caper family (Capparis spp). While other trees are preparing for winter, butterfly bush is just waking up. Ranging in size from a few containers placed in a sunny spot to several acres, butterfly gardens can be grown throughout the United States. There are approximately 180 davidii cultivars, as well as numerous hybrids, with B. globosa and B. fallowiana grown in gardens. It typically grows to 6-12’ (less frequently to 15’) tall with a spread to 4-15’ … name search type enter a search name State Search ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. & Raven, P. (eds), "Ploidy variation in Buddleja L. (Buddlejaceae) in the Sino - Himalayan region and its biogeographical implications", "Why You Should Never Plant a Butterfly Bush Again", "Buddleia: The plant that dominates Britain's railways", "Typification of ornamental plants: Buddleja davidii (Scrophulariaceae)". An award winning Butterfly Bush, Flutterby Petite® Tutti Frutti produces wave after wave of fragrant fuchsia colored flowers with a contrasting orange eye in dense spikes from spring to fall. Buddleja agathosma Diels. ... Grower Information: Gorgeous butterfly bush produces incredibly long, 10 to 12-in. The specific epithet, sennae is for the genus Sennato which many of the cloudless sulphur's larval host plants belong. Buddleja davidii has been classified as an invasive species in many countries in temperate regions, including the United Kingdom and New Zealand. It is a very popular ornamental plant, often found in gardens. You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! The flower heads are of 6-8″ with beautiful fragrance, these bushes attract butterflies, hummingbirds and other beneficial insects. To care for your butterfly bush, planting in full sun is necessary with a minimum of 6 hours of sun per day. The leaves and stems are typically hairy and are often green or blue-gray above and whitish on the underside, due to the fuzzy hairs. Butterfly bush (Buddleja/Buddleia) is a genus of hardy flowering plants that produce appealing fragrant flower heads known for attracting butterflies and other insects.Despite being considered invasive by many ecologists, their striking appearance has helped them maintain their popularity in ornamental gardening. Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. The PRISM system is currently down. The name fritillary is applied to several nymphalid genera. The thistle butterfly (Vanessa) is named for its principal larval host plant.Some species, such as the painted lady (V. cardui), migrate during adulthood, traveling in large groups.. Ploidy 2n = 76 (tetraploid).. This is a heat and sun loving bush and will thrive in hot climates. Blooms are usually purple, rose, magenta, or white. It is a very popular ornamental plant, often found in gardens. Buddleia davidii Franchet; Buddleja variabilis Hemsley, 1889; International Common Names. Peacock Butterfly Bush. The species and its cultivars are not able to survive the harsh winters of northern or montane climates, being killed by temperatures below about −15 to −20 °C (5 to −4 °F). Scientific Name: Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight' Best Soil: Adapts to many soil types, but prefers well-drained loam ; Light: Full Sun ; Growth Rate: Fast ; Foilage: Gray green pointed leaves up to 10 inches long ; Bloom: Almost black purplish blossoms on lilac-like spikes up … US Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, King County - Butterfly identification and control, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Tim Miller, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. – orange eye butterflybush Butterfly bush, (genus Buddleja), any of more than 100 species of plants constituting the genus Buddleja (family Scrophulariaceae), native to tropical and subtropical areas of the world. In his 1979 revision of the taxonomy of the African and Asiatic species of Buddleja, the Dutch botanist Anthonius Leeuwenberg sank the six varieties of the species as synonyms of the type, considering them to be within the natural variation of a species, and unworthy of varietal recognition. Bright yellow flowers appear at a time of year when little else is in bloom. The honey-scented lilac to purple inflorescences are terminal panicles, < 20 cm (8 inches) long. The Lepidoptera group accounts for an estimated 7 percent of the planet's living creatures and includes over 100,000 different species. Replace a butterfly bush growing in a garden with native plants, or at the least, deadhead it to prevent seeds from spreading. Buddleja acuminata Poir. It’s not really helpful at all because the best nectar plants for butterflies will depend completely on where you live. Butterfly bushes form dense, shrubby thickets that exclude all other plants and displace native vegetation such as willows. Buddleja davidii, commonly called butterfly bush, is a deciduous shrub that is native to thickets on mountain slopes, limestone outcrops, forest clearings and rocky stream banks in China. Buddleja alternifolia Maxim. The butterfly bush is a perennial, woody shrub with purple flowers. Pugster Periwinkle Butterfly Bush. Its scientific name is also sometimes incorrectly spelt Buddleia. Butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is a deciduous shrub with an arching habit and impressive flowers, but it has a mixed reputation. Primarily trees or shrubs, most species of Buddleja have hairy leaves and clusters of purple, pink, white, However, as the distinctions of the former varieties are still widely recognized in horticulture, they are treated separately here: Buddleja davidii cultivars are much appreciated worldwide as ornamentals and for the value of their flowers as a nectar source for many species of butterfly. PhD. Younger wood is more floriferous, so even if frosts do not kill the previous year's growth, the shrub is usually hard-pruned in spring once frosts have finished, to encourage new growth. Buddleja alternifolia. The MonarchWatch recommended nectar planting list is kind of a sad and useless joke with no scientific names, no disclaimers about Butterfly Bush, and no specifics about regional differences. Monarch butterfly feeding on a buddleja flower, Connecticut, United States, Buddleja davidii flowers with painted lady, peacock and (underneath) small tortoiseshell butterflies, Close-up of purple Buddleja davidii cultivar flowers, Close-up of purple Buddleja davidii flowers photographed in visible, ultraviolet, and infrared light, Buddleja davidii 'White Profusion' cultivar flowers, Li, P-T. & Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. (1996). Incredible … Buddleja aromatica Rémy. Location: Full sun Bloom: June to September, lavender-pink flower Hardiness zone 5–9 Peacock is a newer Proven Winners variety of butterfly bush known to flower more abundantly and not spread as aggressively as other varieties. Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer Lilac. Leaf stalks are short and hairy, although the leaves sometimes are attached directly to the stem. This sprawling, semi-evergreen shrub, reaching a height of 8 to 10 feet with an equal spread, produces blossoms in fall that resemble golden butterflies. These include native capers and warrior bushes. However the Garden Butterfly Bush (Buddleja davidii), was introduced into Britain in the 1890s from China, where it grows wild. Buddleja davidii (spelling variant Buddleia davidii), also called summer lilac, butterfly-bush, or orange eye, is a species of flowering plant in the family Scrophulariaceae, native to Sichuan and Hubei provinces in central China, and also Japan. , Buddleja davidii is a vigorous shrub with an arching habit, growing to 5 m (16 ft) in height. List of Buddleja species and naturally occurring hybrids. It is a deciduous shrub with arching branches that can reach a height of 15 feet. Blue Knight is a Walter's Gardens introduction and is part of the Monarch® Butterfly Bush series. Find out how. Grower Information: Gorgeous butterfly bush produces incredibly long, 10 to 12-in. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Its genus name is derived from Phoebe the sister of Apollo, a god of Greek and Roman mythology (Opler and Krizek 1984).
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