Cross cultural or intercultural communication is a part of the interaction of different people from different backgrounds and heritages. A systematic approach for transcultural translation and adaptation was developed in Nepal and has been widely used as part of cross-cultural mental health studies [45,46,47]. Cultural diffusion is the process by which cultures influence each other to change. There are multiple advantages to adapting an existing instrument for a study, including cost savings, time savings, and the relatively fewer steps required for effective instrument adaptation compared to developing a new instrument [ 1 ]. Descriptive statistics for degree centralities. On the first level a person is aware of superficial and very obvious cultural traits. Guillemin et al11 suggest ﬁve different examples of when attention should be paid to Historically, this occurred through migration, trade and other interactions between cultures such as warfare. Second, Jesus teaches us through the life of Paul. 3. Cross-cultural adaptation “encompasses a process which looks at both language (translation) and cultural adapta-tion issues in the process of preparing a questionnaire for use in another setting” (page 3) . Cultural Transition and Adaptation Adjusting to a new culture and environment is a normal process and can generate a wide variety of reactions and feelings. The goal of science is to achieve a level of understanding which not only explains current Many authors have theorized and researched the notion of cross-cultural adaptation, which entails moving from one culture to another culture, usually (but not always) learning the rules, norms, customs, and language of the new culture.We should differentiate between different types of cross-cultural travel. The model proposes four levels of cross-cultural awareness. It’s best known today as Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions.. It’s a set of dimensions that describe the key values of a culture and how those values are related to people’s behaviour within the culture. METHODS:The cross-cultural adaptation process was conducted according to the Guillemin guidelines. In some cases, this is more obvious than in others. CONTENT HYPERLINKS ... • Cultural Adaptation ... some examples where cultural dimensions can be ob- There was no appropriate instruments available in Norwegian, thus an Australian-English instrument was cross-culturally adapted. How cross-cultural psychology arrived at this conclusion has involved a substantial amount of research over the past decades. This article The answer provided by cross-cultural psychology is very clearly supportive of the last of these three alternatives. A model of cross-cultural awareness emphasises intercultural contact as a leading factor in intercultural understanding and adaptation. This guidance summarises the three main, evidence-based approaches that can be used for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the SPICT TM into different languages and for diverse healthcare systems internationally.. Download (PDF, opens in new window): Translating & Adapting SPICT April 2018 A multi-disciplinary team approach and clear process recording are essential. A structural model of cross-cultural adaptation (on the basis of Kim, 2001, p. 87). Specifically, the translation process should ensure conceptual equivalence in each target Cultural adaptation is a relatively new concept used to define the specific capacity of human beings and human societies to overcome changes of their natural and … A suggested cross-cultural adaption process. and now has considerable potential for application in areas of social policy. The first outline of her theory was found in an article titled, "Toward an Interactive Theory of Communication - Acculturation", leading to a complete rendition of the theory in Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation: An Integrative Theory, which was further refined and updated with Becoming Intercultural: An Integrative Theory of Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation. Background Despite the general agreement regarding the central role of the clinical learning environment in graduate medical education, its assessment remains challenging owing to the lack of available standardized measures. For example, the General Health Questionnaire has been translated into at least 36 languages [lo] and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory into at least 21 languages [I 11. Cross-cultural adaptation is an approach taken to utilize existing instruments in other cultural, language or geographic settings. Table 1 shows a suggested sequence of the cross-cultural adaptation process. Cultural change and adaptation. OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to translate, cross-culturally adapt, and assess the reliability and validity of the Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) in pregnant Nepalese women. Social psychologist Geert Hofstede (Hofstede, 1982, 2001, 2005) is one of the most well known researchers in cross-cultural communication and management. cross-cultural adaptation of a research instrument using the adaptation process of an attitudinal instrument as an example. When people from different cultures who might speak different languages, have different cultural beliefs or use different gestures and symbols to communicate, their cultural differences might become barriers to workplace success. Sensory adaptation is a phenomenon that occurs when the sensory receptors become exposed to stimuli for a prolonged period. 12 Examples of Cultural Diffusion posted by John Spacey, September 26, 2016 updated on July 19, 2020. Having cross-cultural competence means you can be effective in … Spatial orientation has a direct effect on Website usability, because it effects visual perception. (Hanvey, 2004.) addressing the methodology of cross-cultural adaptation. The cross-cultural adaptation of a health status self-administered questionnaire for use in a new country, culture, and/or language necessitates IC = interpersonal communication; MC = mass communication. Programs that are "connected" to Cross-Cultural Adaptation theory meet one or more of the following criteria: Program explicitly helps individuals develop understanding of stress/adaptation/growth model in order to approach their "intercultural evolution" with a higher degree of self-awareness. In the 1970s, social psychologist Geert Hofstede created a cross-cultural framework. I n 1 Thessalonians 2:8, Paul expresses his desire for relationship with those to whom he is ministering. Ethnographic fieldwork had been undertaken mainly in colonial situations characterized by contact between conquering and conquered cultures.This experience produced a theory of cultural cross-fertilization (acculturation) and culture change. It is important to understand the way people comprehend, communicate and make decisions across different types of cross-cultural backgrounds. Methods: A questionnaire was needed for the implementation of a study in Norway 2007. Adaptation, in biology, the process by which a species becomes fitted to its environment; it is the result of natural selection’s acting upon heritable variation over several generations. MODULES 5 & 6 CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION. As we engage in cross-cultural ministry our posture must mimic that of Christ, in taking on the very nature of a servant, to come as one who serves. Organisms are adapted to their environments in a variety of ways, such as in their structure, physiology, and genetics. Cross-cultural communication is the process of recognizing both differences and similarities among cultural groups in order to effectively engage within a given context. The approach uses qualitative methods to optimize semantic, technical, content, and conceptual equivalence of a culturally adapted tool with the original tool. Cross-cultural adaptations should be considered for several different scenarios. Cultural barriers are challenges to cross-cultural communication within an organization. There have been a number of studies in the field of intercultural communication with a number of experts studying ways different people from different backgrounds interact with each other and how they conduct their day to day activities. We report on the cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric assessment of the Brazilian-Portuguese version of Seelig’s Resident Questionnaire. By recognizing cross cultural differences or similarities among countries, advertisers can understand which aspects are shared worldwide and diversify the elements that need to be adapted to local cultures  . Although it may be difficult to interpret certain statements and behaviors, there must be a significant emphasis placed on … For example, it reduces the costs ... . lation) and cultural adaptation issues in the process of preparing a questionnaire for use in another setting. A cross cultural analysis is fundamental to devise a successful integrated advertising strategy that reflects the cultural values and behaviours of its targeted audience. Some stages in the adjustment process have been identified and are described below. The Processes The Basics of Cross-Cultural Adaptation theory The stress-adaptation-growth dynamic When we experience stress from being in an unfamiliar cultural environment we gain the ability to communicate in accordance with the norms and practices of the host culture and Over time, through continuous activities of new cultural learning, most people are able to attain increasing levels of functional and psychological efficacy vis-a-vis the host environment. To translate and adapt the PEM-CY into German, we applied inter-national standards and established guidelines  which A legacy of colonialism was the great differential between developed and underdeveloped parts of the world. Cross-cultural adaptation (from English to other language) The aim of translation is to achieve different language versions of the original PU-QOL questionnaire (UK English version) that are clear and expressed in common language. Cross-cultural competence refers to your ability to understand people from different cultures and engage with them effectively. Jiexiu Chen, Junwen Zhu, Jiexiu Chen, Junwen Zhu, The Evolution of Theoretical Approaches in Cross-Cultural Adaptation Research, Cross-Cultural Adaptation Experiences of International Scholars in Shanghai, 10.1007/978-981-15-4546-7, (11-33), (2020). Theories of Cross-Cultural Communication Hofstede. The adaptation process typically begins with the psychological and physiological experiences of dislocation and duress commonly known as symptoms of culture shock. Religion: The dynamics of cultural adaptations Lesley Newson and Peter Richerson To be published in: Cognitive Approaches to the Evolution of Religion (editors: F. Watts & L. Turner) Oxford University Press. Depending on the stimulus, receptors may increase or decrease their ability to respond, and will develop an enhanced or diminished sensitivity to the stimulus. And not just people from the one culture that you’ve studied for years. For example, Web marketers can further enhance the cultural adaptation of their international Web sites by being sensitive to spatial orientation or how the Web content is structured in the Web space. 5 Cross-Cultural Marketing Examples We Love. In other words, cross-cultural communication refers to the ways in which people from different cultural backgrounds adjust to improve communication with one another.
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