This approach is sure to cause problems if the same substitute is ever called to cover your class. even as you use rules and consequences, please don’t rely too heav-ily on them as a mechanical substitute for your genuine and per-sonal enthusiasm for your students and their learning. This means that our sub plans often contain work that is too hard or too challenging for students, depending on their current levels. You may also want to tell a colleague where to find this information. After the first few weeks of the school year, you likely know who these students are. Appropriate consequences teach our children that they’re in control of their own behavior — even when we’re not there to nag them.2 They’re also tailored to match each child’s developmental stage, so we’re never expecting more than our kids are capable of. Never impose discipline on the group (for example, the whole class loses recess) because of the behaviors of a few. On the other hand, it’s possible that some student behaviors were misinterpreted or that the substitute was unable to manage your students. Therefore, it is important to simplify and explain your classroom management clearly. It makes a behavior disappear as long as the punisher is not around, but will reappear. Hybrid Model Survival 101 As the pandemic stretches on, many of us are hyper-aware of the long-term consequences to our educational system if we cannot find ways to get students back into buildings. Find simple games or partner activities. You can also make this a mystery reward, depending on your class and the flexibility you have. Check out these related articles: I hope this article helped think about how you can adjust to improve behavior while you have a sub. Acknowledges misbehaving 5. If they earn all the letters by the end of the day, you give them extra recess when you return. Consequently, things generally run as smoothly as when you’re in charge. You'll find a mix of activities that get students moving and collaborating. Principles Principles are akin to guidelines. Similarly, student behavior also suffers when sub plans include too much seat work. Here's an example of what a set of punch cards might look like: The sub can hand them out in the morning to those students along with a reminder of what they are working for. Choose Appropriate Consequences for Misbehavior. Teachers said in-school suspension is more effective than out-of-school suspension for removing disruptive students so others can learn (25% compared to 11%), and especially for helping misbehaving students to stay on-track academically (58% compared to 3%). Even the most interesting topic in the world winds up boring by the time you've sat through several hours. You'll also have your choice of subs who want to come back to your room again and again. Ignoring the reports gives the impression that students can misbehave with impunity when a particular substitute is in the classroom. Consider this common … You can’t always control who will be spending the day with your students, but you can be proactive in increasing the chances that both your students and the substitute teacher, whomever it is, will have a pleasant and productive day. While your class might only have 25 students, be sure to leave 2-3 extra copies of materials, when possible. Be sure your sub plans contain clear details about supports and accommodations your students need – this includes both behavior and academics. Now check your email to confirm your subscription. The list mysteriously includes several students who, up to this point, have never been in trouble. Responding to a substitute teacher’s reports of misbehavior requires a delicate touch. Thank you for focusing on the positive and complimenting students more than consequences and punishment. Color-coding is another way to help you sub quickly identify materials and directions needed to implement your plans. Don’t let reports of bad behavior go ignored. By doing some advanced planning, you'll find that things run smoother when you are gone. If you know you will be absent, tell your students several days beforehand and then remind them as the time approaches. If I get their name, the detention time that they normally would have with me for such behavior is doubled. (Many teachers plan units for enrichment during their absence.) Running out of materials is another stressful thing for a sub. Prepare clear and straightforward lessons, with a focus on routine activities. I've also included early finisher activities and the skills are all aligned to grade-level standards. In addition, you should leave specific directions for what early finishers can and can't do. Of course, it didn't help that I had a class with 12 students with significant behavior and social-emotional needs…but I definitely learned from my mistakes. 7) Handle discipline carefully. You are finally feeling well enough to return — only to discover that while you were sick, your students were on hiatus. It isn't just the content of your sub plans that can be a factor in student behavior. Looks like the link didn’t set up right originally. Leave clear directions for the substitute. Nothing throws off a classroom faster than having a tech issue. It shouldn't be your responsibility. In most cases, the less you deviate from the usual curriculum, the better the day will go for the substitute because students will be familiar with the material and the work. Some teachers love to make this into a game. Substitute Teaching Preparation: Classroom Management. Invite students to prove how helpful they can be. However, there are ways to help keep your struggling students from falling through the cracks. 3. I've also seen this done as a mystery picture covered with sticky notes. Many schools require that teachers keep emergency lesson plans on file and that the plans be kept current. For example, if you know an activity will be challenging for certain students, you may consider having them do the activity with a pre-determined partner and writing it into your plans. See more ideas about classroom behavior, classroom management, behavior management. 6â8, The problem, however, is … Very young children may even need your explanations modeled or acted out. When you return, treat the work students did while you were away as important; otherwise, the message you send is that it was just busywork. Prepare a folder that includes schedules, protocols, and particular student needs, as well as other pertinent information. There was an error submitting your subscription. Students who misbehave during your absence should be dealt with individually when you return. Yes, virtual teaching is improving with each passing week, but we all long to be in closer contact with students, particularly those who are struggling to receive basic needs. They rely on your plans to lay out clear pacing and priority. Thanks for signing up! Also, research the laws in your state and see what can be done with habitually disruptive students. The substitute teacher didn’t follow your lesson plans, didn’t check the homework, and didn’t leave a report of what was accomplished during your absence. A new face in the classroom calls for an introduction. In fact, choosing appropriate consequences is very difficult for many parents (I know it often baffles me). Students who misbehave during your absence should be dealt with individually when you return. It is designed to stop misbehaving students from interfering with classroom activities. The one thing the substitute did leave for you is a list of students she says acted up all day long. Of course, as a first-year teacher, I had made many mistakes when it came to sub plans. Add brain breaks to your plans after a stretch of sitting. When your students misbehave for other teachers. Introduces self. If a student who is usually quiet during class happens to whisper to a neighbor once in awhile, it is probably less disruptive and just as effective to ignore the infraction than to respond to it. You tried to tough it out, but that bad head cold forced you to miss a couple days of school. Sometimes the sequence is attached to a rule; the first time you hit, you get an hour of in-school suspension. I know sitting in a day-long PD leaves me antsy and chatty, so I can't act surprised when the same happens to students. It is just a fact of life in the classroom. Whenever possible, you will want to review expectations prior to having a sub. Sigmund Freud is reported to have said, “Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar,” and the key word there is sometimes, because it’s also true that sometimes a cigar is more than a cigar.So it is with student misbehavior: Sometimes the reason for misbehavior is not obvious, and such misbehavior requires a different intervention than the usual consequences. She said if you get all the punches/smiley faces/whatever, you'll get extra iPad time when she gets back. Think about the most critical things for your sub to know. move seats, detention); Increases the level of consequence if students will not do the right thing (e.g. That's awesome!! How you write them can play a role, too. If any student should misbehave in the presence of the substitute, that student will later need to write an apology letter to the substitute. It isn't just the content of your sub plans that can be a factor in student behavior. Most often these behaviors are negative attitudes such as students’ failure to participate in activities, disrespect, excessive sociability, partial or negated participation, etc. Not only did you lose two days of instruction, but now you also have to deal with the fallout from those days before you can move forward in your curriculum. You didn't witness the misbehavior. When work is too challenging and no accommodations are provided, many students shut down and decide to give up and do their own thing leading to misbehavior. For example, students earn letters one at a time to make the words EXTRA RECESS. A simple apology, written or oral, from the student to the substitute can often resolve the situation. Then just print out the coordinating printables, and BAM! Blend partner activities, small group activities, and independent work into your sub plans. Set the stage for your own possible absence by telling students that you expect they will treat any substitute teacher with the same respect they show their regular teacher and that they should do their best. If the student continues to disrupt, there will come a point where the student will face serious consequences. If all the notes are gone at the end of the day, the kids earn a reward when you return. If your school does, a candid, professional response is in order. You can also increase the chances that you will not have to spend your first day back re-teaching (or teaching) the lessons you left for the substitute and investigating alleged miscreants. They're also written in easy-to-read, sub-friendly language to make them quick and easy to implement. Responding to a substitute teacher’s reports of misbehavior requires a delicate touch. Third tardy: detention, such as a … Students who feel valued are … but it says oops sorry the page is missing. One of your colleagues may even agree to provide a place in his or her classroom for a mildly disruptive student from your class to work during a “time out.” Teachers recognize that on occasion a particular student may have difficulty adjusting to someone besides his or her regular teacher. They also make the day more interesting and interactive for your sub. A substitute teacher in one of your students’ other classes may provide an opportunity for this discussion. Looking for more support to prepare for a sub? If you've incorporated technology into your sub plans, be sure to leave any passwords or other information the sub might need. The sub removed one sticky note each time they see good behavior. Since my “base” detention time is two hours, that would mean that they get four hours total of detention, Give the sub a place to write down the specific details and a basic script that they can tell the student. The second lasted two days, and the third was a bulldog. The student: 1. Don't get me wrong, some years your class might be able to handle the “pick your own partner” method, but some years you will need clearly identify who will be working together…or who WON'T be. Second tardy: more urgent warning. The best part is you can cut and paste them into your own substitute plan template (or the one required by your school). All of these should be a part of your substitute materials. Let's get real for a minute…I know you've probably been there. Each morning when I was unable to pull my aching, feverish body out of bed, my dread over what I would be returning to grew. Your headache begins to reappear. This part is not for the frail at heart. So unfinished work…. Let's dig into each one a bit, and as you read, see if you notice any that might be a trigger for your own class this year. If you're having a particularly challenging time with your class behaving for a sub, you might consider implementing a simple positive reinforcement system. Well-developed plans take time to assemble, but whether they are required or not, they benefit the students, the substitute teacher, and the regular teacher as well in times of unexpected illness or family crisis. Planning takes time and effort, but it will pay off when you return and students have accomplished the tasks you set for them. When I click on the button, it is just taking me to my pinterest page and nothing is coming up with your freebie. Obviously, this is a bit more challenging early in the year since you are still getting to know them, but once you've hit your stride, you will likely have a clear idea how long each activity will take. 3) Provide clear directions. Hard work deserves recognition. Natural consequences are things that happen on their own as a re… I made them write letters to the substitute. Here are ten tips to help keep your classroom running smoothly in your absence. Describes misbehavior Paragraph 3: Conclusion The student: 6. The regular teacher can greet the substitute before classes begin and answer any questions the substitute might have in terms of rules, schedules, or behavioral expectations. Why do we punish students by meting out "consequences" when they misbehave? There are many reasons students misbehave when you are gone. Special conditions like teacher trainings or flu season may further reduce the ranks of available substitutes and result in a new or inexperienced person covering your class. Knowing that your class is taken care of will be one less thing to worry about. Please try again. You can also leave notes about what the students are working toward. They are not specific or behav-ioral in nature. TM Â® & Â© 2016 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. If you've incorporated technology into your sub plans, be sure to leave any passwords … It can be difficult for a sub to juggle differentiation to the same level you do on a daily basis. A lot of misbehaviors are not important or frequent enough to deserve any response at all. Want to save yourself some time? If you’d like more ideas, be sure to follow me on: I am not able to open the download- it just saves the picture to Pinterest. 2. The first strategy, called punishment, contained 4 items (Gives out consequences to students who misbehave (e.g. « Building Writing Stamina with Daily Writing Activities, Graphic Organizers for Formative Assessment: 3 graphic organizers every teacher needs ». In the United States, forcing a student to leave school is a punishment known as suspension. When I had to go back out a few days later, they were great.” —Melana H. “I have my students write letters of apology to the sub, and they put ‘sub apology letters are due’ in their planners so parents could ask them about it.” —McCann V. 2. This super simple step can save you so much trouble (and so many copies) later. In the mad rush to create last-minute sub plans, it can be challenging to differentiate to the degree that is possible when we are teaching the lessons. There are days I am not ready for that drama so there is no reason for me to put a sub through it. 10) Give credit where it is due. Yes, they had the basics, but there were so many things I DIDN'T have that (in hindsight) I can completely understand why my room ran through three subs that week…yes, three. 4) Keep it simple. Keep your day out from turning into a three-ring circus with these 10 simple tips. Teachers often keep on file in case of emergency several strong lesson plans that students will find interesting and challenging (many educational websites offer teacher-made plans to share). Write this into your plans so the sub knows about how long to expect each activity to last. You can also write in reminders about who might need some extra check-ins during an activity or who might need to use some alternative materials. If they misbehave (actual misbehaving, not just annoying behavior) then they don’t get their lollipop. This is good. View not found. She can also encourage the substitute teacher to check with her if any concerns arise as the day progresses. Responsive Classroom Strategies Examples of Logical Consequences Before reading this article, you might want to review Ruth Charney's earlier articles, Logical Consequences Teach Important Lessons and The Three R's of Logical Consequences. They stay up too late the night before a test to manufacture an excuse for their substandard score. Applaud them now and get good results the next time. Every class has those students who struggle to behave in other settings – like art or the cafeteria. 9) Follow up with your principal. Logic puzzles or interesting reading or writing prompts are also a fun way to keep early finishers engaged in learning rather than stirring up trouble. If all goes well, praise students when you return for their good work, effort, and behavior while you were out. All these things will help keep students engaged and ready to learn. While your management plan might work like a charm when you are in the classroom, a new adult offers a different dynamic and many subs don't have the background in classroom management to be able to adjust to your classroom expectations. But sometimes, a teacher’s absence is unexpected or the regular substitute isn’t available. With disabled children, especially children on the autistic spectrum, punishment may only reinforce aggression, self-injurious behavior and aggression sublimated as self-urination or even fecal smearing.
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